The term revolution is defined as, “a sudden, radical, or complete change” by Webster’s Dictionary. Different types of revolutions have occurred throughout history; some are violent, while others are more controlled. But there are other ways to modify a society–these movements typically occur over a longer period of time. One such societal change, the Reformation, took several hundred years to come to fruition, while both the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution had more immediate impacts to civilization.The French Revolution occured when the citizens of France questioned their established monarchy and violently revolted against it 1789. The Third Estate, consisting of peasants and Bourgeoisie, desired enlightened philosophies like inalienable rights and popular sovereignty. They formed a legislature called the National Assembly and proposed the Declaration of Rights of Man to France’s monarch, Louis XVI. He refused to sign it, thereby outraging the citizens. Tracy Chapman says in her song, Talkin’ Bout a Revolution, “Poor people are going to rise up, and take what’s theirs.” The Fishwomen from the Third Estate did exactly this by storming Louis’s castle and forcing him to sign the document. This was one of the many violent acts that contributed to the French Revolution. Without a revolution, the monarchy wouldn’t have been open to a new government, and the Old Regime may still be in place today. The Industrial Revolution was a period of extreme social and economic change in Great Britain. There are many reasons why industrialization first occurred in Britain. At the time, in the 18th century, a political and social environment called the Age of Reason, which was based on scientific reasoning and “practical knowledge”, was prevalent. Coal, a newly discovered mineral that was easily and inexpensively accessible in Great Britain, came to replace wood as a source of fuel. Thomas Newcomen invented the Newcomen Steam Engine, designed to pump water out of deeper coal mines. This led to steam-driven locomotives and infrastructure. Factory systems also developed thanks to the steam engine, encouraging better productivity and more goods for cheaper prices. In less than 100 years, a relatively short period of time, the Industrial Revolution in Britain deeply changed their society and helped to shape the world as we know it today. The assertion that the Bible was a greater authority than the Church leaders began as early as the late 1300s. The Reformation led by Martin Luther in the 16th century continued these beliefs and impacted all of Europe. In the early 1500s, the Roman Catholic Church was selling indulgences, a pardon to punishment from sins. Angered by this concept, Martin Luther wrote the 95 Theses Against Indulgences and posted it on a church door. This led to his excommunication from the Church. He proceeded to attack the Church, not physically, but verbally. Luther explained similar assertions to those from the 1300s, and gained thousands of followers. The Catholic Church grew weaker as Protestantism and Lutheranism evolved. More people, like John Calvin, continued to spread similar Protestant ideas, extending the Reformation into the 17th century. Over time, reform leaders were able to change the Christian society, implementing concepts that were over a century old, without starting a revolution. While the Reformation had large social and religious impacts, it is not considered revolutionary due to its slower and less radical impact on society. The French only took about a decade to revolutionize, while the Industrial Revolution happened well within a century. Both revolutions impacted one country, and influenced other countries. The Reformation, on the other hand, continued for a few centuries in Europe alone, and thus did not meet the basic criteria of a revolution.