B.Tech (MAE) – AUD5870
January 8, 2018
two types of drones:
Sizes of drones
Drones With Sensors
· Drone Technology progress
· Uses of Drones
Usage of drones over the years
This term paper is about commercial and military drone
technology. Its about how drones work and how they effect the future by the technology
and the progress they make in this earth and how can we increase and make it a
better place using the drone technology. furthermore, the seven generations of
drone technology well be shown also well
be having some information about the camera in the drone and how its connected
to the pilot because is an aircraft without a human pilot on board for that cameras must be fixed.
What is a drone ?
A drone, in a technological context, is an unmanned
aircraft. Drones are more formally known as unmanned aerial vehicles
(UAVs). Essentially, a drone is a
flying robot. The aircrafts may
be remotely controlled or can fly autonomously through software-controlled
flight plans in their systems working in connected with onboard sensors and GPS.
The two types of
1. The Commercial
drone technology which is used for Aerial photography and filming One of the most popular drones on
the market is the DJI Phantom 3. This
drone was very popular with professional aerial cinematographers
2. the military Drones
are used in situations where manned flight is considered too risky or
difficult. They provide troops with a 24-hour “eye in the sky”, seven
days a week. Each aircraft can stay alert
for up to 17 hours at a time, loitering over an area and sending back
real-time imagery of activities on the ground.
Drones come in a wide variety of sizes, with the
largest being mostly used for military purposes such as the Predator drone and
to the smallest which is used for commercial
The world biggest drone weights 16,000 pounds and 44 feet
long the Avenger is now the largest UAV in the U.S. arsenal Its Biggest and Fastest
Armed Drone Ever.
Smallest FPV (first person view) Drone which has the size of 4.3cm x
4.3cm x 2.5cm and weight less than a gram.
The smallest size drones are mini drones. They can literally fit in the
palm of your hand, and some are even the size of a quarter. These drones range
in price from under $10 to over $60. Most are priced in the $15-$30 range they
most likely used in indoor areas
A medium-sized drone is typically double the size of a miniature drone
or bigger. These drones come with more power, larger propellers, and additional
features. Many also come with low-grade cameras for taking aerial photos and
pilots typically try to fly the best drones with
the most advanced features. Commercial drones come in the largest sizes. They
also come with advanced features, like autonomous flight modes, obstacle
avoidance, on-the-fly camera setting adjustments, first person view, and a
whole lot more. This gives a professional pilot lots of room to get the best
shots possible and be creative at the same time. You can get a professional quality drone for $500 all the way up to $13,000 or more for a custom
Radar Positioning, the flight radar displays the
current position and location of the drone in relation to the pilot.
Return Home, Exceeding the control range of the
remote control will trigger a ‘Return-to-Home’ feature, meaning the UAV
will automatically fly back to its takeoff point and land safely.
No Fly Zone Drone Technology, in order to increase
flight safety and prevent accidental flights in restricted areas, the latest
drones from DJI and other manufacturers include a “No Fly Zone” feature.
Drones With Sensors
Photogrammetry and Thermal vision sensors are now being used on drones to
provide 3D models of buildings and landscape; Digital Elevation Maps (DEMS) of
land, and provide precision data on the health of crops, flowers, fauna, shrubs
With Lidar and photogrammetry mapping, the drone
will be programmed to fly over an particular area using GPS waypoint
navigation. The camera on the drone will take photographs at say 0.5 or 1
second intervals. These photos are then stitched together using
specialized software to create the 3D images.
– A multispectral image is one
that captures image data within specific wavelength ranges across the
– Lidar is a remote sensing method used to examine the
surface of the Earth.
– Photogrammetry is
the process of deriving metric information about an object through measurement
made on the photograph of the object.
– Thermal vision
sensors is essentially a heat
sensor that is capable of detecting tiny differences in temperature. The
device collects the infrared radiation from objects in the scene and
creates an electronic image based on information about the temperature differences.
Drone Technology progress
Drone technology is constantly evolving, day by
day drones are becoming more and more useful future of drones is getting better
and better, drone technology has seven potential generations.
1: basic aircraft which is remotely controlled.
2: better design, fixed cameras and manual piloting control with
also video recording camera.
3: HD video camera fixed, safety mode fixed, assisted drone
control, two axis gimbals.
4: better video camera 1080P HD, improved safety modes and improved
obstacles avoidance, autopilot modes fixed, Three-axis gimbals.
5: 4K camera video, intelligent piloting modes applied, 360°
6: Professional camera suitable for commercial but not fully suitable,
automated safety modes with more technology, fully automatic piloting.
7: fully suitable for commercial, design with the lightest materials
to be easier to flight, fully and complete automatic safety modes, auto action
(takeoff, land, and mission execution) with one button.
Uses of Drones
Drone fishing may sound not possible at all , a
video was released a giant fish has been
captured using a drone where they have placed their bait 100 meters off the
beach and many people had followed this trend due to that there’s now a drone
manufactured just for fishing called the AeroKontiki.
has to be one of the coolest ways a drone has ever been used. Freefly produces
large drones that are waterproof and can carry 20 pounds. These drones are
manufactured for the media but instead of carrying a camera, their latest
drone, ALTA 8, was outfitted with a rope to pull a surfer. The drone costs
$18,000 but definitely introduces a new way for surfers that doesn’t depend on
Fighting a raging fire is one
of the toughest jobs in the public service world. Firefighters are often forced
to rush into a blaze, having no idea of the scope of it. Lately, the use of
drones by fire departments and police agencies has grown across the globe. An
aerial view from a drone help firefighters figure out the size of the fire and
develop tactical methods accordingly.
Dones can be used to deliver small packages,
pizzas, letters, medicines, beverages etc. at short distances
and aerial photography
Drones are starting to be used in sports photography
and cinematography. They were used in the 2014 Winter
Olympics for filming skiing
and snowboarding events due to difficulty in recording these kinds of sports.
uses of drone in ancient architectural sites
Drones can be manufactured in very
small sizes and due to this, drones can reach places humans cant.
As of right now, drones are being
prepped to enter tight spaces into The Pyramids Of Giza so as to learn things
of the Pyramids. We weren’t able to enter this space due to it being so small,
but with the help of drones we can enter this place without causing any
structural damage to the Pyramids.
Usage of drones over the years
Over the past few years, drones have become
central to the functions of various businesses and governmental organizations.
drones are proving to be extremely beneficial in places where man cannot
reach or is unable to perform in a timely and efficient manner. Increasing work
efficiency and productivity, decreasing workload and production costs,
improving accuracy, It’s a technology
that everyone is benefiting from . Whether drones are controlled by a remote or
accessed via a smartphone app, they possess the capability of reaching the most
remote areas with little to no manpower needed and require the least amount of
effort, time, and energy. This is one of the biggest reasons why they are being
adopted worldwide, especially by these four sectors: Military, Commercial,
Personal, and Future Technology
Surpassing the traffic.
Used in dangerous environment.
Using natural energy.
Filming wildlife has become easier.
Uses in all spheres.
Weather – drones can run into physical barriers such
as wind, birds and air traffic.
Domestic drones violate the right to privacy.
Easy to shoot down.
Limited battery power.
Too small for transportation of materials.
GPS signals tends to drop between tall buildings.