Introduction and back ground of PIA
After a short period of independence in Pakistan decided
in 1951 that it needed a national flag carrier airline the government of the
country accordingly established Pakistan International Airlines in this role,
and on 25 May ordered three examples of the Lockheed L-1049C Super
Constellation four engine airliners as the new operator’s initial equipment.
PIA flew its first service with the Super Constellation on 07 June 1954 on the
route linking Karachi and Dhaka, which were the main cities of the country’s
western and eastern of which the latter is now Bangladesh. On 1 February 1955
the airline flew its first international service, between Karachi and London
Modernization of the fleet used for domestic and regional
operations was now a matter of high priority, and in May 1956 the airline
placed an order for three examples of the Vickers Viscount 815 four-turboprop
airliner, the first of which was accepted in the UK on 2 January 1959 for a debut
in revenue earning service on the service linking Karachi and Delhi on 31
January 1959. Further enhancement came in 1961 with debut of the Fokker F27
Friendship twin-turboprop type, of which the first was received on 3 January
1961. The availability of the F27 for operation on the routes linking the major
Pakistani cities freed the DC-3 fleet for use on new services to the remoter
parts of East Pakistan.
PIA was the first Asian airline with pure-jet aircraft,
in the form of a Boeing 707-321 machine leased from Pan American World Airways
for use from 7 March 1960 on the London service that was extended to New York
on 17 June 1961. On 21 December 1961 PIA began to receive its own jet aircraft
when it took delivery of the first of three Boeing 720-040B aircraft, whose
availability permitted the operator to enlarge its international route network.
In 1963 PIA called off its New York service, but on 29
April 1964 became the first non-communist airline to operate a service to the
Chinese city of Shanghai. A notable feature of PIA’s domestic routes in East
Pakistan for some time was the helicopter services operated with Sikorsky
S-61N’s. PIA ordered four examples of the Hawker Snidely HS.121 Trident 1E to
replace Vickers Viscount 815s. First of these four Trident aircraft was
accepted on 1 March 1966. The Trident aircraft were later sold to the Civil
Aviation Administration of China in 1970. In 1971 East Pakistan secured its
independence as Bangladesh, and PIA ceased operations to that country. The
airline’s fleet and network were both reduced, but the service to New York was
resumed in 1972.
A transport is given and important in the world.in
Pakistan it is important to which have essential air communication and
maintaining and improving relation with other countries. The growing industrial
and commercial requirements of country, it is necessary to develop and quick
speedy means of communication. PIA services are available to large cities like
Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshawar, Multan, Hyderabad, Sukkar, and Quetta.
Some intermediate-size towns have also been linked like Nawabshah, Jacobabad,
Mianwali, Banu, Kohat and Dera Ismail Khan. It also links small places, which
have transport difficulties like Gilgit, Chitral, Skardu. Zhob, Khuzdar,
Panjgur, Pasni, Gwador, Turbat, and Jiwani and important historical places like
Moen-jo-daro. It has wide links outside Pakistan and links many European
countries like UK, Germany, France, Italy, Russia etc. It goes to the USA and
also connects most of the countries of the Middle East and a few African
countries. It goes to India, Malaysia, Philippines, Bangladesh, Singapore, Sri
Lanka, Thailand, China, Hong Kong and Japan. The result of this expansion has
been that the number of passengers and cargo handled by PIA has greatly
increased. In 1955&56 PIA carried 1.1 million passengers, which more than
doubled in five years’ time. After a slight setback during 1971-74 the
passenger traffic has steadily increased and was about 4 million in 1985-86.
The international traffic has registered a more phenomenal growth. The
passenger load factor fluctuates between 55-65%. The aircraft entered a steep dive and crashed
about three minutes after a night takeoff in poor weather. All four crew
members and 26 passengers were killed.
PIA is the Pakistan largest airlines with the fleet of
more than 35 airplanes. In 2016 PIA is going to produce through procedure of
privatization to shift management from Government to private sector. It
employees 14000 nearly people work and airline punctuality of 88%. PIA operates
schedule service domestic 22 destination and 28 international destinations
across Asia.it operates nearly 100 flights daily.