Do you think, gender differences
really exist in the process of aging? Justify with the help of examples from
of gender differences in sexes in aging process in Pakistan:
It is an established fact men age differently
than women throughout the world. In the process pf aging genetics, lifestyle,
nutrition, and environment affect how people of either gender age, but the
rate and way that men and women age is completely different. Not only do the
male and female body respond differently to aging, the male and female
psychology differs greatly as well. Taken together, aging for men and women can
be an entirely different experience.
Basis of aging process:
Woman suffer from age related infirmities
more than men. The women have female hormone estrogen in their bodies which
delays the process of aging. It has pronounced effect during child bearing age but the process equals to
that of man when the female enters the menopausal years. During the menopausal
years there is relative deficiency of estrogen hormone and is handled by
estrogen replacement therapy. The male
hormone testosterone accelerates the process of aging.
Factors influencing Healthy Ageing:
Ageing results from the impact of the
accumulation of a wide variety of molecular and cellular damage over time which
leads to a gradual decrease in physical and mental capacity, a growing risk of
disease, and ultimately, death. In this process the changes are neither linear
nor consistent, and they are only loosely associated with a person’s age in
years. While some 70-year-olds enjoy extremely good health and functioning,
other 70-year-olds are frail and require significant help from others. Aging can
be primary or intrinsic which depends upon the genetic factors or it can be
secondary which is caused by extrinsic factors like hostile factors in the
environment including trauma and acquiring disease.
aging is the effect of multiple factors both intrinsic and extrinsic. The
intrinsic factors cannot be changed but only deleterious effects of
environmental effects can be modified to decrease the aging process. External
factors which effect aging are nutrition, lifestyle, stress. and the environment
process in genders in Pakistan:
to the latest WHO data published in 2015 life expectancy in Pakistan is: Male
65.5, female 67.5 and total life expectancy is 66.4 which gives Pakistan a
World Life Expectancy ranking of 130.
Regarding genders following situation
female child is given less nutrition as compared to male child.
female is less taken to the health facility as compared to male child.
family put extra effort for upbringing the male child as compared to the female
women are given less nutrition as compared men.
woman in Pakistan work indoors and are vail(purdah) and are exposed to sun
light. That is why they suffer from osteomalacia, osteoporosis and rickets more
as compared to men. Men in Pakistan work mostly outside homes for livelihood.
women also suffer from gender violence in homes and gender discrimination
outside homes if they are working.
social environment which have been given to woman also increases their
hardships in life and adversely affects their wellbeing and health.
spite of these negative factors effecting the wellbeing of woman, they have
long life expectancy. But they suffer from are related infirmities more than
of sexes and predisposition to diseases:
Even though many of the diseases or
conditions common to later life are experienced by both men and women, the
actual rates, trends, and specific types differ between the sexes. While some
of these differences are the result of physiological differences, and to fully
understand ageing a knowledge of gender perspective is required. Almost
everywhere in the world, cardiovascular diseases are the main killer of older
people of both sexes, yet, it is commonly thought of as a male disease and as a
result, often goes undiagnosed in women, particularly in low and lower
middle-income countries. On the other hand, men are more likely than women to
avoid seeking medical help, at least until a disease has progressed. Further,
men’s life expectancy is shorter than women, however, in most countries, the
combination of various health and social factors result in a lower quality of
life for women in later life. As widowers, older men tend to be more isolated
than women due to perceived lack of male skills in developing social and
familial ties. On the other hand, in some countries, traditional practices
relating to widowhood place older women at risk for violence, abuse and
Examples from daily life:
In most households it is seen the
grannies are mostly alive as compared to old grandfathers. It is due to greater
life expectancy of females.
old surviving females suffer more from physical infirmities as compared to men.
Many living examples are available in most households.