After the passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, the African Americans of the United States were still not receiving the rights granted to them by the Constitution, especially in the South. With Jim Crow laws and other oppressions to African Americans, there was a rise in protests of civil disobedience something was bound to set Congress into motion. A major factor that showed the unfair and uncalled for treatment blacks were receiving was the media and spread of news through broadcasting. At the protests and demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama, the news media did not let the violence stop them from broadcasting, if anything it fueled them to work harder to spread the truth to the American people in the North who were oblivious to the chaos that was erupting in their country. On June 11, 1963, President John F. Kennedy addressed the nation on the inequalities that the African Americans of the country were facing. He asked Congress to assess his legislation that would eliminate discrimination in public accommodations, employment, voting, and education. The pressure that civil rights activist had put on the President and Congress forced action to be taken. After the death of the President, Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn into office and made it his first goal to see the passing of the civil rights bill. President Johnson would push for the Civil Rights Act of 1964 be the “lasting legacy” of Kennedy. Along with the lobbying efforts of NAACP, the efforts were strong and memorable.Overcoming their differences in parties, four members of Congress recognized the need for this bill. In the House, William McCulloch, the senior Republican on the House Judiciary Committee worked with Emanuel Celler, the Committee’s Chairman, to make a compromise that at the time seemed impossible. Together they created changes that were an equal in between for the parties. In the Senate, Hubert Humphrey, the Democratic Whip, enlisted Everett M. Dirksen to rewrite the disputed phrasing and provisions of the proposed bill. They put behind their differences and decided to work together to make the bill passable by both houses but strong enough to still have a lasting impact worth fighting for. The changes that were made, gained the supporters enough votes to end the filibuster of the century. Without these compromises, the probability of the bill actually passing drops considerably. On July, 2, 1964, by the risks and compromises taken by many, Lyndon B. Johnson signed the bill and the change started, allowing the legacy to be fulfilled.