According to the 1987 Constitution
of the Republic of the Philippines – Article XIV, every child has a right
to proper education. Parents have an obligation to send their children to
school, and they have some options: the traditional schools and home schools.
Homeschooling and traditional schooling both share a goal of educating
students, what sets them apart is the approach they take in fulfilling this
Homeschooling is a type of education where a child is being educated by
his or her parents at home, however, according to Co (2012), the parents can
teach their children anywhere they want, whether it be in a coffee shop or
playground, it all depends on them. The parents or the guardians of the child
are the ones who act as teachers, one of the parents should devote his or her
time to teaching the child. The parent should also be innovative and creative
because the success of the child depends on how the parent teaches him or her.
In traditional schools, there are professional teachers assigned to groups of
students. Traditional schooling is another type of education wherein a child
leaves the comfort of his or her home to be taught, along with his or her classmates.
Children attending homeschool have less social interaction with other people
unlike in traditional school, the children are given many opportunities to
interact and communicate with diverse people. According to Dalien (2015),
children must learn how to work amongst other students without the supervision
of their parents or guardians. In traditional schools, the students may develop
their social skills that should be helpful in facing the world as adults in the
future. Even though, these schools have anti-bullying campaigns, bullying will
always be a major concern for parents.
In a traditional school, an academic curriculum is pre-established by
the school system, but some parents may not agree with the curriculum being
taught to their children. Whether parents find the curriculum too elementary or
too advanced, they have no way to adjust what the school decides to teach the
students (Sheahan, n.d.). In homeschooling, some online curriculum specializes
in one subject such as math, reading or spelling. The programs allow one the
freedom to carefully tailor the child’s education to suit his or her individual
needs (Davis, 2017).
According to Anne (2013), When she was homeschooled, she could go at her
own pace in her studies. She sometimes did a week’s worth of math in one day so
that she would not have to worry about it for the rest of the week. The parents
of the children being homeschooled or the child himself or herself could set
his or her pace when it comes to learning new topics or finishing worksheet and
textbooks. Meanwhile, children attending a traditional school follow a set
schedule which tells how much time is allotted for one subject. Cramming is quite
rampant in these types of schools, unexpected projects with close deadlines and
exams are sometimes being given on top of an already busy schedule, while homeschoolers
are given a long period of time to plan out how they want to do what is tasked
In a homeschool setting, the child has one-on-one lessons with his or
her parents, and all the parent’s attention is given to the child. While in a traditional
school, a single teacher must give his or her focus to twenty or more students,
therefore reducing the amount of attention each student receives. This may
affect how the students keep up with the lessons and school work.
According to the 10 Ways
Homeschooling is Cheaper than Public School (2015), parents who
enrolled their children into traditional schools spend around ?5,000 just for
the children’s school supplies. In homeschooling, the only things parents need
to spend money on are the basic materials needed, such as paper, glue, pencils
and crayons. Moreover, some children are being driven to their respective
traditional schools. Parents spend additional money to pay for gasoline expenses,
especially when they live far away. Other
children go to school by the school bus or by using other means of public
transportation and their parents also spend money for these fees.
In terms of school allowance, parents may give some money to
their children who attend tradition schools. The allowance given is normally
used for food or for other needs. Homeschoolers are
not given any allowance, since they have everything they need at their home.
Being at the comfort of their own home may also be beneficial to
children who are being homeschooled when calamities and other disasters occur.
These mishaps could result to suspension of classes in many traditional schools,
the schedules will be disrupted, and the learning also stops.
Homeschool has been growing in the Philippines and parents are becoming
more open to the option of enrolling their children into homeschools. According
to The Homeschooling Alternative:
Homeschooling in the Philippines (2016), there are ways for parents to get
their children into homeschool in the Philippines. One is by enrolling the
children into DepEd accredited
homeschool providers. The homeschoolers must follow a set curriculum; however,
parents are free to enhance or expand it based on the capabilities of their
children. This is said to be the easiest way to homeschool, the student’s
accomplishments are then evaluated, and he or she can also enter a traditional
school with ease.
Homeschooling and traditional schooling are both effective ways of
educating children but still depends on which type of education fits the child.
Every child is different, and the parents should know which one is the best for
their children. Most importantly, the child should also be given a chance to
pick what he or she wants.